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It is important to understand the fact that Lennie has died for his dream, which raised in his mind due to George who made Lennie convinced that he would have a better life. In such a situation, George’s act can be justified from the moral point of view for he maintained Lennie’s dream until the end of his life and did not allow other people destroy the dream, which made the life of Lennie purposeful. At the same time, George understood that Lennie’s life and dream was ruined by the rape and George simply helped his friend to avoid further sufferings both moral and physical.
At the same time, it is important to lay emphasis on the fact that the novel focuses on a very extreme situation when the main characters struggle for life and where death is an essential part of human life. In this respect, the modern generation is quite different from the lost generation because modern people do not actually need to choose how to die, they do not have to choose whether to live or not, but they simply live and basically they can enjoy the life because there are not threats in their environment. In contrast, the lost generation constantly experienced the necessity of such a choice and, what is more important, moral values were particularly important at the epoch. Today, moral values are absolutely devaluated but they have started to lose their value at the time when representatives of the lost generation lived. This is why the main characters of literary works written by the lost generation authors are so concerned about moral and ethical issues, while modern people are more concerned with consumerist values rather than moral and ethical ones.
The problem of social inequality and huge gaps between representatives of various social classes is one of the central problems of “Great Gatsby” by Scott Fitzgerald and this problem still persists and the modern generation is characterized by social disparity. In his work, the author depicts a variety of characters which represent different social classes. Each character is unique but it is difficult to find an ideal character in any of the social classes represented in the novel. Speaking about Tom, it is necessary to point out that he originates from a noble, upper-class family and he pretends to be a noble, aristocratic and idealistic representative of the upper-class, but, in actuality, he is absolutely opposite to the public image he attempts to create. In fact, Tom doesn’t have any purpose in the life and his social position allows him living purposelessly since he does not need to think of earning money, which he has enough. It seems as if he “would drift on forever seeking, a little wistfully, for the dramatic turbulence of some irrecoverable football game” (Fitzgerald, 6). Tom attempts to find receive positive emotions and he believe that he can buy everything with his money. In fact, being a representative of the upper-class he just enjoys the life. He is sure that money can give him everything he wants and such attitude to money overshadows his noble origin and makes him a pragmatic, materialist person seeking for personal benefits in relationships with other people whom he plays as puppets. Moreover, he proves to be immoral even in relationships with his own wife for he has a mistress Myrtle. But he does not really love even his mistress whom he demands a total obedience. Thus, she means nothing for him as well as his own wife. In fact, Tom is cynic, immoral man. For instance, he reveals his hypocrisy when he becomes furious when he guesses about close relations between Gatsby and Daisy but, at the same time, he does not do anything to help his wife when she kills Myrtle. In this situation, it would be more natural for a noble and idealist man who loves his wife to act as Gatsby does but Tom demonstrates his indifference to Daisy’s fate. Even though he does not love his wife, Tom uses his wealth as the mean to keep Daisy as his wife, as his toy.
In this respect, it should be said that Daisy turns to be a woman, which also represents the upper-class, but, in actuality, she is totally dependent on her husband. Moreover, it is even possible to estimate that she is enslaved by her social status and benefits this position brings to her. In fact, she cannot leave her husband and it is not only the evil wish of Tom to keep his wife as a toy, but it is also the irresistible desire of Daisy to enjoy the wealth and the high social status she can benefit from, being the wife of Tom. In such a way, she cannot resist to her mercantile desire to be a representative of the upper-class, to the extent that she is even ready to sacrifice her personal life and happiness for the sake of wealth and prosperity.