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Posted by on March 15, 2019

kidney problem

The symptoms of kidney problems are rare, however, when there are the first signs are usually decrease in the amount of urine, exaggerated swelling of the legs and constant tiredness.

However, not all people have symptoms, so the best way to know if there is a problem with the kidneys is to have regular urine and blood tests and, if necessary, an ultrasound or a CT scan. These tests are especially important if the risk of kidney problems is high, as in the case of diabetic people, elderly women with high blood pressure or a history of kidney failure in the family, says Best Urologist in Ghaziabad.

If there are more than 2 symptoms, it is important to consult a urologist in Ghaziabad or a general practitioner to carry out diagnostic tests, in order to identify if there really is a problem in the kidneys. See the main causes of kidney pain.

Most common problems of the kidneys

The most common problems affecting the kidneys are:

  • Stone in the kidneys: consists of the accumulation of small stones inside the kidney, which can hinder the passage of urine to the bladder;
  • Cysts in the kidneys: they are frequent as they get older but when they are very large, they can cause kidney pain;
  • Polycystic kidney disease: which leads to the emergence of several cysts in the kidney that can hinder its functioning;
  • Hydronephrosis: arises when the urine cannot reach the bladder, accumulating inside the kidney;
  • Renal insufficiency: it occurs due to progressive lesions in the kidneys that impede its functioning.

In addition to this, people with chronic uncontrolled diseases such as high blood pressure or diabetes, can also develop a chronic kidney disease that is causing small injuries to the kidneys over time, and may end in kidney failure, says best Urologist in Noida.

Kidney cancer is also quite common, mainly in men over 60 years old, and can manifest with symptoms such as: presence of blood in the urine, frequent tiredness and constant fever, for example.


How to treat kidney problems?

According to Best Urologist in Greater Noida, the treatment in case there is any alteration in the kidneys should be adapted to the problem that is affecting the organ, but in milder cases such as the presence of kidney stones or cysts, the symptoms can be alleviated with simple changes in the diet such as increasing water consumption, avoiding salt intake and increasing calcium intake, for example.

In the most serious cases, such as acute renal failure or chronic kidney disease, treatment should always be guided by a nephrologist in Noida, as it may be necessary to control the amount of water ingested, avoid the intake of certain foods, take specific medications, dialyze or even involve surgery to treat kidney injuries.

In cancer cases, it is almost always necessary to perform surgery to remove the tumour and to resort to chemotherapy or radiotherapy to eliminate the remaining cancer cells and in critical case, urologist may suggest you to go for kidney transplant in Ghaziabad.

In addition to this, if there is another disease that is causing the kidney problem such as diabetes or high blood pressure, it is also important to perform your treatment properly to prevent further kidney damage.

What tests should be done?

Tests that can be used to identify the problem that is affecting the kidneys are:

  • Blood tests: to evaluate the levels of substances that are normally eliminated through the kidneys such as urea and creatinine;
  • Urine test: the presence of proteins or blood in the urine are changes that may indicate problems in the kidneys;
  • Ultrasound or tomography: they help to identify alterations in the shape of the kidneys, allowing to observe the presence of cysts or tumours;
  • Biopsy: normally used when cancer is suspected, but can be used to identify other problems.

These exams can be requested by the urologist in Vaishali, so whenever there is suspicion of the existence of a problem in the kidneys it is important to go to the doctor to be requested and confirm if there is any alteration.


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