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Posted by on May 8, 2019

What is it


Renal lithiasis, also called urolithiasis or nephrolithiasis, is a disease caused by the presence of stones or stones inside the kidneys or the urinary tract (ureters or bladder).

The kidney stones are made up of normal substances in the urine, but for different reasons, have concentrated and solidified into fragments of larger or smaller.

Depending on the place where a stone is formed (kidney or bladder), it can be called a kidney stone or bladder stone, respectively.


Urologist in Noida says that kidney stones can form if the urine is saturated with salts that can produce them, or because the urine lacks the natural inhibitors of this process. This may be related to other factors:

  • A decrease in urinary volume.
  • An increase in the urinary excretion of chemical substances that prevent the dissolution of the salts contained in the urine.


The forms of clinical presentation in renal lithiasis are variable depending on the size, composition and location of the stones in the urinary system. Urologist in Ghaziabad  warns that some may go unnoticed.

  • Nephritic colic: Pain in the lower back or lower back that radiates to the anterior abdomen and to the genitals; It is produced by the plugging of the urine output of the kidney and sometimes causes very intense pain.

It is an intermittent pain that is associated with nausea, vomiting, sweating and feeling of abdominal swelling. It does not usually cause a fever, says the best urologist in Noida.

  • Haematuria: It is caused by the injuries caused by the calculation in its passage through the urinary tract.
  • Urine infections: Kidney stones may be the cause or consequence of frequent infections of the urine or cystitis, says the best urologist in Ghaziabad.


One of the ways to prevent this condition is the correction of any excess calciumphosphateoxalate and purines.

In addition, several general dietary measures suggested by urologist in Vaishali may allow better control of the disease, such as increased fluid intake, preferably water (the first and simplest of measures to prevent disease).

It is essential to follow a diet low in calories, with little salt, limiting animal proteins, sugars and alcohol. Nor are foods such as cocoa, coffee, tea, nuts, etc. recommended by the best urologist in Greater Noida.


There are different types of kidney stones depending on the composition of the substances that cause them. These are the most common:

  • Kidney stones formed by calcium oxalate: They are the most frequent. They consist of calcium and an organic acid.
  • Kidney stones composed of calcium phosphate, which is a type of salt that combines calcium and phosphorus.
  • Kidney stones of uric acid, a compound formed when the body breaks down substances called purines. These are found in some foods and beverages.
  • Kidney stones derived from protein breakage: Most common in childhood.


The calculations that do not produce symptom but can be discovered during a routine urine microscopic analysis.

On the contrary, the calculations that produce pain, in general, are diagnosed by the symptoms of renal colic, together with pain in the lower back and groin or pain in the genital area, without an apparent reason.

The microscopic urine analysis can reveal the presence of blood or pus, as well as small crystals in the calculation.

Other diagnostic tests that are performed are:  abdominal radiographyintravenous urography, retrograde urography, abdominal ultrasound and computerized tomography.


95 percent of the stones located in the ureter are spontaneously expelled in three or four weeks, depending on their size and position.

Any calculation not expelled in two months requires a kidney stone treatment in Noida. Based on an assessment of some factors, such as the frequency of episodes of colic, repercussion on the urinary tract, etc., the specialist will determine the most indicated treatment, which may include a conservative attitude with pain treatment or an interventionist attitude.

Currently, between 90 and 95 percent of the kidney stone treatment in Ghaziabad by non-aggressive procedures, such as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, which consists of breaking the stones into small fragments that can be expelled more easily (with an efficacy of 90%).

Endoscopic is also a procedure for kidney stone treatment in Greater Noida which removes the stones by ureteroscopy (through the urinary ducts, urethra, bladder, etc.) is also common.

Sometimes the uric acid stones dissolve gradually making the urine less concentrated (for example, with potassium citrate), but the other types of stones cannot be eliminated with this method.

In special circumstances, larger calculations that cause an obstruction may require surgical intervention for kidney stone treatment in Vaishali.

Other data

Kidney stones are painful, but in most cases, they can be eliminated from the body without causing damage to it.

But these calculations reappear quite frequently, especially if the cause that led to their appearance is not addressed, says urologist in Greater Noida.

In these cases, in which the appropriate kidney stone treatment in Noida is not received, the patient may have the risk of suffering from urinary tract infections or damage to the kidney, in the most serious cases.


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