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Posted by on June 10, 2020


Kidney stones, also known as kidney stones or nephrolithiasis, are a hard mass of minerals that form within the kidney from substances in the urine, and sometimes manage to be the size of a grain of rice or larger, the size half of the palm of the hand.

The best urologist in Noida, explains what kidney stones are, the symptoms to watch out for and the appropriate treatment to be carried out in the event of their presence.

Symptoms to watch out for

Kidney stones can sometimes cause symptoms when they just start moving through the kidney or until they pass through the ureter; There may even be some who are asymptomatic and are only diagnosed with blood or urine tests.

Most of the time, these stones are removed spontaneously, but sometimes they obstruct the passage of urine, which can cause great discomfort.

It is estimated that between 10 and 15% of the population can have kidney stones, and there are different symptoms depending on their size and location, says the urologist in Noida.

Among the most common symptoms are:

  • Strong pain on the sides and below the ribs
  • Pain from the lower abdomen and into the groin
  • Pain when urinating
  • Cloudy and foul-smelling urine
  • Constant need to want to urinate
  • Fever and chills if there is an infection
  • Red, pink, or brown urine
  • Urinate in small amounts and frequently

Causes for which you can have a stone

According to the best urologist in Greater Noidakidney stones occur when the amount of substances such as calcium, phosphate, or uric acid in the urine is greater than the amount that can be diluted in the urine, forming crystals.

In addition, sometimes urine may lack substances that prevent the crystals from adhering to others, creating the environment and the perfect environment for kidney stones to form.

“This is why it is recommended that people drink enough water during the day, since in this way it is possible to prevent the formation of these crystals,” says the urologist in Greater Noida.

Types of kidney stones

There are different types of kidney stones, therefore, knowing the type of stone you have can help the specialist determine the cause and correctly evaluate the kidney stone treatment in Noida to be performed, as well as guide the patient in the appropriate way to reduce the risk to have more stones.

The types of kidney stones are:

  • Calcium stones:This is the most common type of stone and tends to occur more frequently in men between 20 and 30 years of age. Calcium can sometimes be combined with other substances, such as oxalate and phosphate, to form the stone. Diet, excess vitamin D, intestinal bypass surgery, and certain metabolic disorders can increase the concentration of calcium or oxalate in the urine.
  • Uric acid stones:They form when the urine is too acidic. These can occur in people who do not drink enough fluid or who have a past history, such as being overweight or having diabetes. In turn, people who have a high protein diet are prone to having these types of stones. In addition, there are genetic factors that increase the risk of uric acid stones.
  • Struvite stones:This type of stone can grow quickly and without symptoms. They are made from ammonium, phosphate, and magnesium. Its formation occurs when there are urinary tract infections, where bacteria change the chemical composition of the urine.
  • Cystine stones:This type of stone originates from a chemical that the body produces naturally, called cystine. These stones usually form in people with an inherited disorder, which causes the kidneys to expel a large amount of certain amino acids.

Risk factor’s

Everyone can have a kidney stone, but like all diseases, some are more likely than others to have it, says the best urologist in Ghaziabad.

In fact, it is men who tend to have kidney stones more often than women. Also, you may be more likely to have a kidney stone if:

  • Someone in your family has had kidney stones: if this happens or if you have had it before, you are more likely to have one again.
  • You don’t drink enough water: 2 liters a day are recommended.
  • You eat a diet high in protein and sodium: excess salt in the diet increases the amount of calcium that the kidney filters, increasing the risk of kidney stones.
  • Being overweight: a high body mass index and weight gain can be associated with an increased risk of kidney stones.
  • In case of chronic kidney disease.

Kidney stone treatments

Kidney stone treatment in Greater Noida to remove the kidney stones will depend on the type of stone, the size, and whether it is blocking the urinary tract.

  • Shock wave lithotripsy:consists of shock waves that break the stones in the kidney into small pieces and, in this way, can pass through the urinary tract and leave the body through urine.
  • Ureteroscopy:is performed with a small probe to find and be able to eliminate the stone. If the stone is small, the urologist in Ghaziabad may be able to remove it. If it is large, it may have to be broken into pieces with the use of laser technology.
  • Percutaneous: itis generally reserved for more complex cases and large stones. It consists of introducing a camera into the kidney through a small incision in the skin and then fragmenting and removing the stones.

How can I prevent kidney stones

The best way to prevent kidney stones is to drink enough liquid every day and have a balanced diet low in sodium.

It is necessary that your urologist in Delhi find out the type of stone you have, since in this way he can recommend a specific diet to prevent kidney stones in the future.


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